Huawei Data Center lets Chilean astronomers manage data like stars.
The vast sky of Chile has fascinated astronomers of all ages. The sunny night of many stars provides an excellent environment for astronomical research. According to incomplete statistics, more than half of the newly built large-scale astronomical equipment in the world has been built in Chile in the past two decades. This includes the most powerful ground-based astronomical equipment in human history, the Atacama Large Millimeter Wave and Half Millimeter Wave Antenna Array (hereinafter referred to as ALMA). Located in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile, it is the world's most active ground telescope with the highest investment. It was put into operation in March 2013. So far, a large number of night sky image data have been collected.
The significance of ALMA is not only for observation, but also for collecting and analyzing massive astronomical data.
ALMA is jointly established by relevant institutions in Europe, the United States and East Asia, and three ALMA regional centers around ALMA's data product services are established to provide data to astronomers for frontier research. However, Chile is not part of these regional centres. The South American Astronomical Center (CASSACA) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASSACA) has been working to strengthen the exchanges and cooperation between scientists of China and Chile, recognizing the urgent need to build a new data center for computing and storage to provide ALMA data processing, management and mining services for interested astronomers. The new data center needs to meet the following requirements:
Fast construction: 2 months to complete the construction of the data center, support the astronomical center research business on-line quickly;
High standard: data center meets the international advanced design standards, and green energy saving;
Flexibility of relocation: After the completion of relevant projects of the astronomical center, the data center can be relocated flexibly without affecting the normal development of existing research.
CASSACA works with Huawei and UTFSM to build this astronomical data center to store and analyze massive radio data from the universe. The multi-million-dollar data center has 0.7 bytes (PB) of storage capacity to record 12 years of high-definition video, which means ALMA can store all the data generated in the next nine years.
Huawei provides consulting and customization services for the computer room of the data center. The data center adopts Huawei Fusion Module 1000A prefabricated integrated data center solution to fully meet customer needs.
Simple: adhering to the "all-in-one" concept, using prefabricated production, power supply, refrigeration and IT cabinets and other equipment are highly integrated in a container, to achieve rapid delivery of data centers;
Reliability: The data center meets the requirements of dust-proof, earthquake-resistant, refrigeration and reliability design in desert scenarios, and its outstanding environmental adaptability meets stringent delivery conditions.
Efficiency: Set up advanced technology and industry best practices, to achieve the industry leading PUE, high efficiency and energy saving.
The data center is deployed in two months, and has the functions of broadband transmission, mass storage, large-scale and high-performance computing, which ensures the smooth development of the research project of the astronomical center; prefabricated modular design ensures the end of the later project, the flexible migration of the data center, and the full utilization of the earlier investment; the data center meets the Tier III design, and does so. By 2015, the data center has experienced the ultimate challenge of the magnitude 8.2 earthquake, and its infrastructure and business have not been affected at all. In response to the call of national green environmental protection, it has reduced energy consumption of the data center and enhanced the image of the enterprise.
The multi-million dollar data center has made Chile a holy place for astronomical research using ALMA data. "Without this data center, this would be an impossible task because of the time-consuming data transmission and up to 200 GB of all kinds of documents." Professor Mauricio Solar of the Polytechnic University of San Maria, Federico, spoke in an interview with industry media Revista Gerencia. It is worth mentioning that the operation of China-Chile Astronomical Data Center will promote the scientific and technological development of St. Maria Polytechnic University and hopefully become the leading role in the world's astronomical development through the sharing of its astronomical observation data.
The data center is also a good news for astronomers and the astronomy community as a whole: according to the data ownership policy, ALMA can only own data for 12 months, after which it needs to be released to the public. In the near future, institutions and individuals in South America will be able to access ALMA's public database through this data center, which means that the charm of the bright stars will have the opportunity to spread to all corners of the world.